• Your Body

    Water is a very important component in maintaining a healthy body. Read through the Benefits of Drinking Water pages to see how much your body needs water. Try to drink water during meal and snack times, and when you exercise.

    Create your own quiz if you like and/or complete the last two pages (page 3-cut out the quotes, page 4-paste the quotes into the correct column).

    Benefits of Drinking Water

     

    Week of 5/17-5/21

    YOUR MOUTH

    1. At what age do most children lose their first tooth?  (6/Six)  Young children have 20 teeth. When they fall out, they get replaced by 32 adult teeth.

    2. Your mouth gives you the power to taste, ______, and _______.  (chew, speak/talk)

    3. You taste sweet things with the tip of your _______. It's the thing in the middle of your mouth that can move.  (tongue)

    4. Your tongue is covered with _______ _____. They tell you whether a food is sweet, salty, sour, bitter, or a combination of these flavors.  (taste buds)

    5. Your tongue and teeth work together so you can eat. Your teeth break the food into small pieces. Your tongue pushes the pieces of food into your throat so you can swallow it. Once you swallow it, the food travels down into your ________.  (stomach)

    6. It takes about ( ) _______ seconds for your food to reach your stomach.  (7/seven)

    7. Children say about how many words per day?  (4,000)

     

    Week of 5/17-5/21

    YOUR NOSE

    1. Did you know that young noses smell better than adult noses? Why do you think that is?

    2. Your nose gives you the ability to smell and _______.  (breathe)

    3. Do you breathe more or less rapidly when you exercise?  (more)  Your hard-working muscles need more oxygen when you exercise.

    4. Your nose can smell about 10,000 different things. Your nose has two holes called ________.  (nostrils)

    5. Your nose tells you which scents are nice and not so nice. Think of 2 nice scents, and 2 not so nice scents.

    6. You use your nose along with your mouth to breathe. Breathe in through your nose. The air goes down your windpipe and fills your lungs, then you breathe out through your lungs. When you breathe in and out, it is called _________ and _________. (inhaling/inspiration, exhaling/expiration)

    7. Did you know that your sense of smell helps you taste the food you are eating?

     

    Week of 5/11-5/15

    YOUR EYES

    1. You have 2 eyes and 2 ears. What else on your body comes in a pair?

    2. There are 4 different colors of eyes. Name them.  (Blue, Brown, Green, Hazel)

    3. The colored part of your eye is called the iris. The black dot in the middle of your eye is called the ______.  (pupil)

    4. People do this with their eyes about 12 times in a minute. Doing this spreads tears which help your eyes to stay clean.  (blink)

    5. Your eyes have many parts including the cornea, lens, and retina. Your eyes work kind of like a camera. They take pictures of what you see. Then they send those pictures to your ______.  (brain)

    6. A lot of people are nearsighted. That means they can see things that are near, but have trouble seeing things that are far away. The opposite happens with people that are ___________. They can see things that are far away, but have trouble see things near them.  (farsighted)

    7. Sometimes a person's eyes do not see so well, so they wear ________.  (glasses)

     

    Week of 5/11-5/15

    YOUR EARS

    1. Your ears are shaped like cups. Can you guess why that is?  (So they can catch sounds.)

    2. Your ears have many parts. The eardrum vibrates when sounds hit it. The cochlea changes the sounds into signals and sends them to your _______.  That is how you hear. (brain)

    3. Your ears can hear thousands of different _______.  (sounds)

    4. Some sounds are loud, some are soft. Sounds are measured in units called decibels. The more decibels, the louder the sound. Which sound do you think has more decibels, an alarm clock or a trumpet?  (An alarm clock creates 80 decibels. A trumpet creates 110 decibels.)

    5. Fireworks create 130 decibels. Can you think of something that is louder than fireworks and creates more decibels?

    6. Hearing is 1 of your 5 senses. Can you name your other senses?  (Sight, Smell, Taste. Touch)

    7. Which do you think is a more important sense, seeing or hearing? Why?

     

    Week of 5/4-5/8

    YOUR SKIN 

    1. How many layers does your skin have? These layers help to keep dirt and germs out of your body.  (Three; the outer most layer-epidermis, the next layer-dermis, and the subcutaneous)

    2. You use your skin to feel. Your skin lets you know if something is smooth or ______. Your skin warns you if something is cold or ____.  (rough; hot)

    3. Your skin is full of nerve endings that send messages to your ______ like, "Brrrr, the snow is cold!"  (brain)

    4. You might get __________ if you're cold or scared. It's your skin's way of working to warm you up.  (goosebumps)

    5. Your skin keeps you covered and warm. So keep it ______ by taking a bath or shower regularly.  (clean)

    6. These were invented in 1920 to cover up cuts you might get.  (Band-Aids)

    7. When you get a cut, clean it first then bandage it. This will help to keep it from getting __________.  (infected)

     

    Week of 4/27-5/1 

    YOUR HEART 

    1. This was invented in 1816. Doctors use it to listen to your heart.  (Stethoscope)

    2. Your heart is a muscle, and it's about the size of this.  (A fist)

    3. Your heart is in the middle of your chest, just a little to the left. It is between these that allow you to breathe.  (Lungs)

    4. Your heart has a very important job to do. It pumps this throughout your body.  (Blood)

    5. Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood. The blood leaves your heart and travels through thin tubes called blood vessels. The blood vessels circulate or move blood to every part of your body. The blood carries _________ that you need to live.  (Oxygen)

    6. Does your heart beat when you are asleep?  (Yes, it beats all day and night.)

    7. Does your heart beat faster or slower when you are exercising?  (Faster)

    Fun Fact: In one day, your heart will beat about 100,000 times. In one year, it will beat about 35,000,000 times. In your lifetime, it will beat about 3,000,000,000 times!

    Eating healthy food and exercising every day will help to keep your heart and body healthy.

     

    Week of 4/20-4/24

    1. These colored blood cells get oxygen from your lungs. They carry it to other parts of your body.  (Red Blood Cells)

    2. These blood cells fight or kill germs that get into your body.  (White Blood Cells)

    3. You have 206 of these in your body. Together they make up your skeleton.  (Bones)

    4. A picture of your bones is called this.  (X-Ray)

    5. Your skull is made up of 28 different bones. It has an important job. It protects your _______.  (Brain)

    6. The little bumps that run down your back is called your spine. Another word for spine is _________. (Vertebrae) 

    7. If you bang your elbow a particular way, a prickly feeling will shoot down your forearm because you've actually irritated your ulnar nerve. We commonly say that you've hit your ________ _______.  (Funny Bone) 

     

    Week of 4/13-4/17

    1. You need to do something active for at least this much time every day, but you don't have to do it all at once. (60 Minutes)

    2. This kind of activity makes your heart and lungs work hard for several minutes. It can be medium- or high-energy activity.  (Aerobic)

    3. You need this kind of high-energy aerobic activity at least three times each week.  (Vigorous)

    4. Muscles are made up of cells. Muscle cells get bigger and stronger the more you use them. This kind of activity makes your muscles strong. Push-ups and sit-ups are examples.  (Muscle-Strengthening)

    5. The more exercise you get, the stronger your bones become. The stonger your bones become, the less likely they are to break if you get injured. This kind of activity makes your bones stronger. Jumping and running are examples.  (Bone-Strengthening)

    6. This actvity makes it easier to bend and move your body. It may help keep you from getting hurt.  (Stretching)

    7. Research has shown that exercise improves a person's memory more than brain games. In your brain, are these nerve cells. There are billions of them in your brain.  (Neurons) 

     

    Week of 3/30-4/3

    1. This organ pumps blood throughout your body. Vigorous activity makes it stronger.  (Heart)

    2. This happens when your heart beats. You can feel the thumps by putting your fingers on your wrist or on the side of your throat.  (Pulse)

    3. When you take your pulse, you are counting these.  (Heartbeats)

    4. You use this pair of bag-like organs to breathe. Vigorous activity makes them stronger.  (Lungs)

    5. Your lungs get this gas from the air. Your blood carries it from your lungs to other parts of your body.  (Oxygen)

    6. These are body parts that each have a specific job to do in the body. Examples include your stomach, liver, and spleen.  (Organs)

    7. This is your largest organ. It covers your body. Vitamins and minerals keep it healthy.  (Skin)