The Americans with Disabilities Act
The ADA, or Americans with Disabilities Act, was passed in 1990 to assist people with disabilities access the same resources as those without disabilities. Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act was passed so that Internet resources would be accessible to people with physical, sensory, or cognitive disabilities.
To comply with the ADA, the WCAG, or Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, lists criteria that must be met for websites.
Several things to keep in mind when designing a website that must meet the criteria set by WCAG are:
- Using HTML headings that allow screen readers to distinguish sections of text.
- Using PDFs that are OCR compatible so screen readers can read the text.
- Writing descriptive hyperlinks for screen readers.
- Providing alternative text for
- Maintaining proper order of content on the page.
- Making sure the contrast between colors allows those color blindness can distinguish things apart from each other.
- Properly using HTML tables.
- Close captioning videos for the visually impaired.
- Desigining the website so that users can navigate with their keyboard.
- Avoiding the use of color alone to identify an action.