Calculation of Grades
In a balanced assessment system, both formative and summative assessments are essential as tools for gathering and reporting student achievement. However, formative assessments are used for practice, skill development and guiding instruction, where summative assessments are used as a final measure of student learning at the end of a unit or period of instruction. Whether an assessment is considered formative or summative will depend on how the teacher uses assessment results.
Formative Assessments should make up approximately 30% or less of a student’s final grade and will include any graded learning assessments used as a diagnostic assessment of student’s learning.
Summative Assessments should make up approximately 70% or more of a student’s grade. These assessments are end of unit measures and major performance tasks. Summative assessments occur after a student has had sufficient instruction and practice and is prepared to demonstrate mastery.
Checks for understanding
End of instruction
· Short, informal quizzes
· Homework and practice work
· Drafts and rewrites
· Daily practice and warm-ups
· Small formative projects
· Progress checks
· Large summative projects
· Final draft essays
· Major lab reports
· Summative presentations
· Performance Tasks
· Benchmark assessments
End of semester grades should reflect a variety of relevant and meaningful summative assessments that directly measure content standard mastery. To insure accurate and fair assessment, teachers should use at least 4-6 major summative assessment scores each semester in order to for students to have ample opportunity to provide evidence of mastery.
Teachers will use their professional judgment to determine all grades, including final semester grades. Grades reported each grading period should be based on both the body of evidence collected over the grading period as well as the teacher’s professional judgment which may override the calculated average score when that score does not accurately represent a student’s mastery of content.
Points earned through extra credit have the potential to make a student’s grade an inaccurate measure of what the student has truly learned and mastered. In order to insure correct, fair and consistent grading, extra credit may only be offered to students who have completed all assignments at a proficient level and only for standards-based work.
Each department has a policy that provides opportunities for students to redo/retake an assignment/test. Some departments require parent signatures and a completed plan for work improvement. Check with your teacher about specific department policies. Final Exams and Mid-Term assessments are excluded from the redo/retake policy as these exams are meant to measure students' end of course proficiency.
Missing or Late Work:
Assignments or tests completed beyond the teacher’s deadline may be submitted and graded if done so within the instructional unit in which it was assigned. The grade earned on the late work may be reduced up to 50%. Some departments require a completed LAP (Learner Action Plan) to be submitted with late work. Assignments missed or late due to an excused absence will be accepted without penalty according to district guidelines. However, any assignment that was due, or test that was scheduled on the day of an excused absence must be completed and submitted the first day the student returns to school.