After years of budget cuts, Governor Brown has proposed to substantially raise funding levels for schools, to use one-time funds to eliminate the remaining apportionment (cash) deferrals owed to schools, and to continue towards full implementation of the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) by 2020-21.
The new funding formula, which was adopted beginning with this current year budget, provides funding to move all school districts and charter schools toward a system of school finance that allocates similar amounts per student average daily attendance (ADA) as base grants within four grade spans, and provides additional percentage increases, or "weights", for class-size reduction (CSR) in grades Transitional Kindergarten through grade 3, career-technical education (CTE) for grades 9-12, and supplemental/concentration grants on behalf of students that are not English language proficient, who are from low-income families, or who are in foster care.
Increased state revenues will be directed towards continued funding of the LCFF in 2014-15, and districts and charter schools would receive a proportional share of this additional funding toward achieving their funding “target” goal as determined under the LCFF calculation. The actual percentage and per-ADA increases for individual school districts and charter schools will vary greatly depending on the unique individual demographics of each district and the LCFF full implementation target. It is estimated that Folsom Cordova will receive an increase of 9.6% or approximately $600 per ADA.
Some categorical programs, such as Child Nutrition and Special Education, remain outside of the new formula and will receive a 0.86% COLA. Pupil transportation and Targeted Instructional Improvement Grants will continue as separate add-ons to the LCFF allocations with no additional funding increases.
The proposed budget does not include any funding for a statewide school facilities bond, additional funding to address special education shortfalls, early childhood education, of prior year mandate reimbursements still owed to districts.
This spring, districts will be developing Local Control Accountability Plans (LCAP) and budgets together. We will not only be looking at how much funding is received, but also identifying goals based on priorities for kids. Staff, parents and the community will be invited to participate in the process.
Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF)
The budget package replaces the current K–12 finance system with a new Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF). For school districts and charter schools, the LCFF creates base, supplemental, and concentration grants in place of most existing K–12 funding streams, including revenue limits and most state categorical programs. The formula does not replace Proposition 98—the initiative passed by voters that requires a minimum percentage of the state budget be spent on education—and leaves a specific list of categorical funds intact. Based on the new funding formula, K-12 schools will receive a base amount of funding for every student they serve. Schools who serve a significant population of English learners, students from low-income families, and foster youth will receive additional funds.